the new century
The first thirty years of the twentieth century in Madison County were years of
struggle; progress appeared to be slowed by tradition, economic stagnation, and poor
educational opportunities. Changes, however, did occur. Rural isolation was lessened by
the telephone and popularity of the automobile. Madison County's population increased in
the 1920s, and businesses seemed stable and prosperous. New church edifices appeared in
Berea and Richmond. Chain stores also
arrived in Richmond during the twenties. The Bluegrass Ordnance Depot, located six miles
south of Richmond, was established in 1941 with approximately 14,650 acres of land used
for storage of materials and ammunition. Currently disposal of chemical weapons at the
Depot is a major unresolved issue.
Unprecedented population growth, economic development, and cultural change have marked
the county's history since the 1940s. With the rapid growth of Eastern Kentucky University
in the sixties, education has become the largest single growth industry in the county.
Increasingly as Lexington/Fayette County has experienced phenomenal growth, a considerable
portion of population and business is spilling over into Madison County. Cultural tourism,
with the development of Fort Boonesborough State Park, White Hall Historic House, and the
crafts industry in Berea is also a major source of revenue as Madison County approaches
the 21st century.